Posts tagged ‘BCM112’

Its over BCM112. No more bloggings!

Okay, finally blogging for Bcm112 has come to an end. (Yayy!!!) It has been a 14 week full of challenging adventure while studying Convergent Media Practices. All the topics covered have enhanced my knowledge of media although some did not really catch my interest and was a bit hard to understand. I was never a good writer; however, bcm112’s weekly required blogging has improved my writing skills far more than how I do before and has built up my media presence as a confident writer. Also to highlight the Tweeting, it has really built up a habit for me to read daily news articles online which keep me updated with knowledge of what’s going on around the globe.

What mainly caught my interest in bcm112 is the involvement of discussion on the ways media convergence affects industries, technologies, and audiences. In addition, choosing a media platform for the subject and discussing all major tensions and point of conflict mentioned in Jenkins (2004) has broaden my knowledge of the platform which I never have come across before. It also enhanced more knowledge about the emerging technologies and different media platforms as we all (colleagues of bcm112) read and shared blogs of each other, providing support and feedback.

I have learnt many concepts and theories about understanding the process of media convergence in society during this time. The technology and media issues from different perspectives and discussing topics from copyright and creative commons, audience, citizen journalism, transmedia storytelling, mashups and online misogyny: this subject has really helped me enhance my knowledge and build more interest in media.

The most interesting concept that I came across during my study is the Audience: Accessibility and participation of users across media platforms. The main point of the topic was how the audience is changing from being a passive and consumer-based to concurrently producing and consuming, combining as prosumers. It also discusses how the digital media has driven us to a world where there is no necessity for filtration or gatekeepers, when publishing and sharing a talent to people who are around the globe.

Overall to say, the subject has improved my knowledge of media convergence in so many ways. I am thankful to UOW for giving me the opportunity to explore the challenging adventures of bcm112 and to my lecturer who encouraged me and taught me to create my own thoughts and views, which I could share among people with confidence. I’ll say good bye now and thank you all for reading my blogs. I know I still need improvement in writing and can do better; however, I will always look back to my blog and be proud of what I have created.

ImagePhoto: Me


Cyber Bullying and Misogyny

It has not only been school playgrounds for bullying few decades back, but also on the streets as well as in the workplace too, leading victims with low self-esteem and even lead to suicide. However, with the rise of digital age, “an ever-increasing exposure to technology is enabling ever-increasing bullying of this kind – often anonymous, outside the normal barriers of time and location and often as damaging as face-to-face bullying.” (Sarah Nicole 2012) It includes anything from name calling to physical violence and online abuse, or cyber-bullying, which has become a major issue. The term ’bullying’ is defined as “The misuse of power or position to persistently criticize and condemn; to openly humiliate and undermine an individual’s professional ability until the recipient becomes so fearful that their confidence crumbles and they lose belief in themselves.” (Suzanne McCarthy 1995)

Though, of course, with social networking being what it is nowadays, it is hard to control the freedom of expression and the act of people hiding behind a mask of anonymity to abuse or harass or intimidate other people. Almost 9 in every 10 young people, especially women have been harassed and threatened over the internet through forums, blogs social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter, with the incidence increasing significantly in recent years. Individual comments may be strong but otherwise harmless. However, it is their aggregate effect that is destructive. One of the victim bullied through online as well ‘offline’ in her life was famous contestant of Britain’s Got Talent, Lucy Kay. Lucy had been picked on her entire life for being an outsider, and now after performing on the show, the bullies still did not end mocking and gone to attack her on Vile, bringing her to the verge of suicide. She was being hit by dozen of sick tweets mocking her appearance and her bravery in confronting bullies to appear on the show.

Moreover, there is something disturbingly misogynistic about online bullying. Of course men too are undoubtedly abused over social media.

“It’s quite clear that men and women will both abuse people online and be the recipients of that abuse”

Prof Mark Griffiths Nottingham Trent University

But it feels as though there is something far more vicious, gender-related with respect to what women have to endure. And I believe misogyny is not acceptable in any case, rather everyone must be treated equally, and it should be stopped. People should be informed and made aware about gender discrimination to prevent such misogynistic acts. Women should have the chance to speak out and stand on digital media to the same level as the men.


Evans, Karalee (2011) ‘Men call me things: it’s not as romantic as it sounds’, The Drum, 11 November

Nicol, Sarah (2012) ‘Cyber-bullying and trolling’ Youth Studies Australia, Vol. 31, No. 4

McCarthy, Suzanne (1995) ‘Probation Journal’, Bullying at Work, Sage, Vol. 42

Citizen Journalism

Citizen journalism can be hard to define as the meaning can vary widely depending on the purpose and formulation of it. According to Rosen (2008): ‘‘When the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another, that’s citizen journalism.’’ It is also described in Oxford Dictionary that citizen journalism is “the collection, dissemination, and analysis of news and information by the general public, especially by means of the Internet.” The citizen journalism is an open process with the absence of authority and gatekeeping, and due to its advancing technology, it is never finished in its development.

There are many benefits to citizen journalism. Viber with its various different features can be an excellent sample for citizen journalism and collective intelligence accessible to the public. Viber gives its users the chance to share information and news without being insecure of whether the word is spread to the public or not. The application proves to the fact that professional reporters are not accessible at everywhere every time, especially if there is a breaking news event just on the spot. It is where the traditional ‘passive’ audience is turned to ‘active’ audience today and start to use the internet to alert the general public by sharing the information on spot, while also being able to provide images or recordings of the event. This form of journalism supplied by Viber encourages more and more people to share information up to date around the globe.

In terms of Produsage, there is always a kind of consciousness of people’s creativity, accessibility, and contribution. Moving towards the variety of communication viber has opened to its users; there are Organizational Shift and Fluid Movements of Produsage, (Bruns 2007) among the collective users. The dynamic shift from 1:1 chatting of traditional media to multi level communication that we do today like group communication is accessible in Viber. Viber gives one particular user the ability of shifting roles between ‘reporter’ and ‘reader’. Viber also allows the ability to create different chat groupings, which helps the user to be conscious and aware when in terms of communicating with certain group of people. For instance, a user can be casual communicating in one chat group (mostly close friends or family) whilst chat formally in another chat group (business related conference or officemates and bosses). The grouping of communication available in Viber shows the fluid movement of roles where the user can be the moderator of one group while be a passive reader in another group.


Photo credits: Aldrin Calimlim

Furthermore, Viber uses new stickers to the market which characterizes the Unfinished of Produsage (Bruns 2007). It upgrades and adds newer versions of attractive stickers for their users more and more over time, where the users tend to utilize always the latest stickers when communication among their friends.

Produsers engage not in a traditional form of content production, but are instead involved in produsage – the collaborative and continuous building and extending of existing content in pursuit of further improvement. (Bruns 2007)

In addition, it gives the ability for users who have not yet installed a certain group of stickers, the choice and permission to add on that particular sticker group to their app in terms of Permissive (Bruns 2007).



Bruns, Axel (2007) Produsage: Towards a broader framework for user-led content creation, in ‘Creativity and Cognition: Proceedings’, 6th edition, ACM Publishers, Washington D.C, pp 99

Lewis, S, Kaufhold, K, & Lasorsa, D 2010, ‘THINKING ABOUT CITIZEN JOURNALISM’, Journalism Practice, 4, 2, pp. 163-179, Communication & Mass Media Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 11 May 2014.

Safe, or be Safe?

Just to start out, I was browsing the web for a picture relevant for my blog. And Wow! I found this image on a web and thought it would be perfect for my blog. Can I just copy this image to use it in my page?


photo credits to Thanh Tuấn Phạm

No! Majority images on the web are copyrighted, even if the copyright holder is not plainly listed. If you cannot get the permission from the copyright holder, you simply cannot use the media file.

Immense change in the society has been brought by a cataclysm of a tech-savvy era due to the technological shift in the past revolution of time. Lifestyle and social interaction became unique as it collaborates with the highly advance digital age. On a different note, due to the fast-growing progress of the technological era, convoluted issues involving the rise of illegal pirating and abuse of copyright, as well as the consecutive inclination in open content licensing have been highlighted.

When it comes to copying and misusing of one’s own creation, it becomes a chaos in fighting for the rights and penalizing. For example, looking at tech giants like Apple and Samsung, they have been accusing each other in regard of copying their designs and features.

A license is said to be the permission the creator of a program allows and the conditions under which those permissions are granted. He automatically holds the copyright of his program, which allows him to restrict copying, usage and modification of his program by others. To permit others to use the software, the creator has to give permission for whatever it is he wants those others to do with it. Under a license, the open source platform Viber has also set up its Terms and Policies for its users to use and enjoy the application. Its Terms and Policies include Viber Privacy Policy, Viber DMCA Policy, Terms & Conditions and Trademarks, which not only secure the application itself, also protect the rights of its users.

People should be concerned about their privacy.” Viber founder Talmon Marco

Viber is not operated under an open content license which defines to be a license that grants the right to “retain copyright while allowing others to copy, distribute, and make some uses of their work – at least non-commercially.” Viber uses its Sticker Market to monetize its service. It offers access to free stickers, as well as paid sticker packs created by Viber team of designers and also from other third parties, who sell stickers through a licensing deal with Viber.